Publications

Good Practices in Perinatal Mental Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Report from Task-Force RISEUP-PPD COVID-19

2020 | Action CA18138

Modeling Desert Dust Exposures in Epidemiologic Short-term Health Effects Studies

2020 | Action CA16202

Conceptualizing Environmental Citizenship for 21st Century Education

2020 | Action CA16229

Towards common ground in measuring acceptance of evolution and knowledge about evolution across Europe: a systematic review of the state of research

2020 | Action CA17127

COST Actions against COVID-19: An interdisciplinary network

2020

Water treatment for purification from cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins

2020 | Action ES1105

The Archaeology of Europe’s Drowned Landscapes

2020 | Action TD0902

Annual Report 2019

2020

The Secret Handbook of the Blue Circle

2019 | Action ES1403

Good Practices in Perinatal Mental Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Report from Task-Force RISEUP-PPD COVID-19

2020 | Action CA18138

Author(s): Emma Motrico, Vera Mateus, Rena Bina, Ethel Felice, Alessandra Bramante, Goce Kalcev, Mauro Mauri, Sara Martins y Ana Mesquita

Publisher: CLÍNICA Y SALUD Investigación Empírica en Psicología

Link to download

https://doi.org/10.5093/clysa2020a26

 

Due to the changes that occur to the immunity and physiological state of women during pregnancy, they are at increased risk of suffering issues with both their physical and mental health (Liu et al., 2020). It is estimated that 1 in 5 women develop a mental health problem in the perinatal period (Hahn-Holbrook et al., 2018; World Health Organization, 2015), with depression and anxiety among the most prevalent conditions (Shorey et al., 2018). Importantly, these conditions have long lasting adverse effects on women and their babies, and place a heavy burden on families and society as a whole (Bauer et al., 2014Gavin et al., 2005). Conditions such as extreme stress, conflict situations, emergencies, and natural disasters can increase the risk of developing specific mental illnesses (World Health Organization, 2016).

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), declared a global pandemic on March 11 by the World Health Organization, is currently cited as a significant cause of stress and anxiety for pregnant and postpartum women (PPW) around the world (Chen et al., 2020), taking into account that these women constitute one of the most vulnerable populations in the world. Although formal evidence about the perinatal aspects of COVID-19 remains scarce, recent clinical data suggest that the impact on physical health is not as negative as previously thought (Mullins et al., 2020). Pregnant women and newborns are not at increased risk of getting infected or having worse symptoms or consequences than the general population (Chen et al., 2020).

However, the extraordinary circumstances of the COVID-19 outbreak and the imposed social confinement measures are particularly challenging for PPW and may impact their psychological well-being. In addition to the expected concerns about their own health, risk of infection and transmission of the virus to the baby, sudden changes in perinatal healthcare (e.g., modifications of scheduled appointments, restrictions on the partner’s presence during childbirth and postnatal visitation) would likely contribute to increased psychological distress.

Taking into account the aforementioned reasons, the Riseup-PPD project “Research Innovation and Sustainable Pan-European Network in Peripartum Depression Disorder” (Cost Action 18138), founded by the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme of the European Union, decided to create the “Perinatal Mental Health and COVID-19 epidemic” task force to promote best practices in maternal mental health that may mitigate the impact of COVID-19 management on women’s mental health. Within this framework, we provide a brief review on a) impacts of the pandemic and confinement during COVID-19 lockdown on PPW and b) characteristics of the women who are most vulnerable to the psychological impact of COVID-19. Based on this review, we recommend good psychological practices and points to consider in conducting research that could be implemented to mitigate the negative consequences of such a pandemic.

Modeling Desert Dust Exposures in Epidemiologic Short-term Health Effects Studies

2020 | Action CA16202
  • Author(s): Tobías, Aurelio; Stafoggia, Massimo
  • Publisher(s): Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
  • Download from external website
  • doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000001255

Desert dust is assumed to have substantial adverse effects on human health. However, the epidemiologic evidence is still inconsistent, mainly because previous studies used different metrics for dust exposure and its corresponding epidemiologic analysis. We aim to provide a standardized approach to the methodology for evaluating the short-term health effects of desert dust.

Conceptualizing Environmental Citizenship for 21st Century Education

2020 | Action CA16229

Editor(s): Hadjichambis, A.C., Reis, P., Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, D., Činčera, J., Boeve-de Pauw, J., Gericke, N., Knippels, M.C. (Eds.)

Publisher: Springer

Link to download

ISBN: 978-3-030-20249-1

 

This Open Access book is about the development of a common understanding of environmental citizenship. It conceptualizes and frames environmental citizenship taking an educational perspective. Organized in four complementary parts, the book first explains the political, economic and societal dimensions of the concept. Next, it examines environmental citizenship as a psychological concept with a specific focus on knowledge, values, beliefs and attitudes. It then explores environmental citizenship within the context of environmental education and education for sustainability. It elaborates responsible environmental behaviour, youth activism and education for sustainability through the lens of environmental citizenship. Finally, it discusses the concept within the context of different educational levels, such as primary and secondary education in formal and non-formal settings.

Environmental citizenship is a key factor in sustainability, green and cycle economy, and low-carbon society, and an important aspect in addressing global environmental problems. It has been an influential concept in many different arenas such as economy, policy, philosophy, and organizational marketing. In the field of education, the concept could be better exploited and established, however. Education and, especially, environmental discourses in science education have a great deal to contribute to the adoption and promotion of environmental citizenship.

Towards common ground in measuring acceptance of evolution and knowledge about evolution across Europe: a systematic review of the state of research

2020 | Action CA17127

Open Access 

  • Authors: Paul Kuschmierz, Andra Meneganzin, Rianne Pinxten, Telmo Pievani, Dragana Cvetković, Evangelia Mavrikaki, Dittmar Graf & Anna Beniermann
  • Publisher: Published by Springer Nature on behalf of Evolution: Education and Outreach
  • https://doi.org/10.1186/s12052-020-00132-w

 

Background

Relatively little information is available regarding the level of acceptance of evolution and knowledge about evolution in different educational settings in Europe. The aim of the present study is to fill this gap and provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of research regarding evolutionary knowledge and acceptance of students and teachers across Europe, based on a systematic literature review.

Results

We identified 56 papers for the period 2010–2020, presenting results for 29 European countries. Both knowledge and acceptance of evolution were assessed in 17 studies. Out of 13 instruments most commonly used in the literature, five have been used in the European context so far: ACORNS, CINS, I-SEA, KEE and MATE. Thirty-one other instruments were identified of which 16 were used in studies on knowledge and 15 in studies on acceptance. The extent of knowledge was hard to compare even within groups of the same education level due to the application of different instruments and assessment of different key concepts. Our results illustrate the persistence of misconceptions through all education levels. Comparing acceptance among different education levels and countries revealed a high diversity. However, a lack of evolution in curricula tended to be associated with rejection of evolution in some countries. European studies that investigated both acceptance of evolution and knowledge about evolution varied highly concerning the existence and strength of the relationship between these factors. However, some trends are visible, such as an increase of strength of the relationship the higher the education level.

Conclusions

The present review highlights the lack of a standardized assessment of evolutionary knowledge and acceptance of evolution across Europe and, therefore, of reasonably comparable data. Moreover, the review revealed that only about one-third of all studies on acceptance and/or knowledge about evolution provided evidence for local validity and reliability. We suggest the use of assessment categories for both knowledge and acceptance instruments to allow for interpretation and comparison of sum scores among different sample groups. This, along with prospective comparative research based on similar samples, paves the way for future research aimed at overcoming current biases and inconsistencies in results.

This article is based upon work from COST Action 17127 (EuroScitizen: Building on scientific literacy in evolution towards scientifically responsible Europeans).

COST Actions against COVID-19: An interdisciplinary network

2020

Since March 2020, multiple COST Actions have approached the COST Association wanting to collaborate with other Actions on COVID-19 research. In response to these requests, and to make the networking process smoother, COST produced the booklet ‘COST Actions against COVID-19, An interdisciplinary network’, with details of all of the Actions wishing to connect and collaborate

Water treatment for purification from cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins

2020 | Action ES1105
  • Author(s): Hiskia, A, Triantis, T, Antoniou, M, Kaloudis, T, Dionysiou, D
  • Publisher(s): Wiley & Sons
  • Download from external website
  • ISBN/ISSN: 1118928652, 9781118928653

Toxigenic cyanobacteria are one of the main health risks associated with water resources. Consequently, the analysis, control, and removal of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins from water supplies is a high priority research area. This book presents a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art research on water treatment methods for the removal of cyanobacteria, taste and odor compounds, and cyanotoxins.

Starting with an introduction to the subject, Water Treatment for Purification from Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins offers chapters on cyanotoxins and human health, conventional physical-chemical treatment for the removal of cyanobacteria/cyanotoxins, removal of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins by membrane processes, biological treatment for the destruction of cyanotoxins, and conventional disinfection and/or oxidation processes. Other chapters look at advanced oxidation processes, removal/destruction of taste and odour compounds, transformation products of cyanobacterial metabolites during treatment and integrated drinking water processes.

  • Provides a comprehensive overview of key methods for treating water tainted by cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins
  • Bridges the gap between basic knowledge of cyanobacteria/cyanotoxins and practical management guidelines
  • Includes integrated processes case studies and real-life examples
  • Developed within the frame of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST)–funded CYANOCOST

A must-have resource for every water treatment plant, Water Treatment for Purification from Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins is a valuable resource for all researchers in water chemistry and engineering, environmental chemistry as well as water companies and authorities, water resource engineers and managers, environmental and public health protection organizations.

 

Read more about the Action

The Archaeology of Europe’s Drowned Landscapes

2020 | Action TD0902

Author

  • Geoff Bailey
  • Nena Galanidou
  • Hans Peeters
  • Hauke Jöns
  • Moritz Mennenga

Publisher

Springer Link

ISBN – 978-3-030-37367-2

This open access volume provides for the first time a comprehensive description and scientific evaluation of underwater archaeological finds referring to human occupation of the continental shelf around the coastlines of Europe and the Mediterranean when sea levels were lower than present. These are the largest body of underwater finds worldwide, amounting to over 2500 find spots, ranging from individual stone tools to underwater villages with unique conditions of preservation. The material reviewed here ranges in date from the Lower Palaeolithic period to the Bronze Age and covers 20 countries bordering all the major marine basins from the Atlantic coasts of Ireland and Norway to the Black Sea, and from the western Baltic to the eastern Mediterranean. The finds from each country are presented in their archaeological context, with information on the history of discovery, conditions of preservation and visibility, their relationship to regional changes in sea-level and coastal geomorphology, and the institutional arrangements for their investigation and protection. Editorial introductions summarise the findings from each of the major marine basins. There is also a final section with extensive discussion of the historical background and the legal and regulatory frameworks that inform the management of the underwater cultural heritage and collaboration between offshore industries, archaeologists and government agencies.

The volume is based on the work of COST Action TD0902 SPLASHCOS, a multi-disciplinary and multi-national research network supported by the EU-funded COST organisation (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). The primary readership is research and professional archaeologists, marine and Quaternary scientists, cultural-heritage managers, commercial and governmental organisations, policy makers, and all those with an interest in the sea floor of the continental shelf and the human impact of changes in climate, sea-level and coastal geomorphology.

The Secret Handbook of the Blue Circle

2019 | Action ES1403

Editor(s): Papatheodoulou, Antonis, Fatta-Kassinos, Despo
Publisher: IWA Publishing
ISBN13: 9781789061086
eISBN: 9781789061093
Copies available here 

The book was inspired by the scientific work carried out by the research group of Nireas International Water Research Center (Nireas-IWRC) at the University of Cyprus in the field of wastewater treatment and reuse. The work is led by Dr. Despo Fatta-Kassinos, who is an Associate Professor at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Director of Nireas-IWRC. The group worked together with Antonis Papatheodoulou, one of the Greece’s best children’s storytellers, and developed an interesting educational adventure through which children can understand the vital role of water in life.

There is increasing recognition of the power of children’s early thinking and learning, as well as a belief that science may be of particular importance in early childhood, contributing not only to the future scientific understanding of children, but also to building important skills and attitudes for learning, establishing high levels of scientific literacy and strengthening scientific inquiry. Educating the young generation and increasing awareness on various aspects of the water cycle and wastewater reuse was the motivation for the development of ‘The Secret Handbook of the Blue Circle’.

Six Water Scientists, who are defenders and protectors of the most important substance on the planet (i.e. water), Dr. Tom Atom, Dr. Celia Circle, Dr. Scot Water, Dr. Glow McCrystal, General Claire Clean and Dr. André Antib, are looking for helpers to become new members of their ‘Eternal Blue Circle Society’. The eight Secret Chapters of the book, include among others: knowledge on what water is, its chemical structure and properties, its cycle, its uses and its significance, water scarcity, a historical retrospective of a city’s water supply from antiquity to date, the typical treatment processes applied for the production of drinking water, the water pollution caused by traditional pollutants and contaminants of emerging concern, the processes applied in wastewater treatment plants, and the presence of such contaminants in the environment.

The mission of the members of the ‘Eternal Blue Circle Society’ is to carefully study contaminants of emerging concern and protect water and nature. Suitable for children of six years and upwards, the book also outlines simple ways in which the children can contribute to the protection of water quantity and quality and raise awareness on the topic themselves.