Publications

Following Darwin’s footsteps: Evaluating the impact of an activity designed for elementary school students to link historically important evolution key concepts on their understanding of natural selection

2021 | Action CA17127

Development and validation of a framework for the assessment of school curricula on the presence of evolutionary concepts (FACE)

2021 | Action CA17127

Development and validation of a framework for the assessment of school curricula on the presence of evolutionary concepts (FACE)

2021 | Action CA17127

 

  • Authors: Xana Sá-Pinto, Giulia Realdon, Gregor Torkar, Bruno Sousa, Martha Georgiou, Alex Jeffries, Konstantinos Korfiatis, Silvia Paolucci, Patrícia Pessoa, Joana Rocha, Panagiotis K. Stasinakis, Bento Cavadas, Angelica Crottini, Tanja Gnidovec, Teresa Nogueira, Penelope Papadopoulou, Costanza Piccoli, Johan Barstad, Heloise D. Dufour, Milena Pejchinovska, Alma Pobric, Dragana Cvetković & Evangelia Mavrikaki
  • Publisher: Springer Nature on behalf of Evolution: Education and Outreach
  • DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12052-021-00142-2

Evolution is a key concept of biology, fundamental to understand the world and address important societal problems, but research studies show that it is still not widely understood and accepted. Several factors are known to influence evolution acceptance and understanding, but little information is available regarding the impacts of the curriculum on these aspects. Very few curricula have been examined to assess the coverage of biological evolution. The available studies do not allow comparative analyses, due to the different methodologies employed by the authors. However, such an analysis would be useful for research purposes and for the development of appropriate educational policies to address the problem of a lack of evolution acceptance in some countries. In this paper we describe the steps through which we developed a valid and reliable instrument for curricula analysis known as FACE: “Framework to Assess the Coverage of biological Evolution by school curricula.” This framework was developed based on the “Understanding Evolution Conceptual Framework” (UECF). After an initial pilot study, our framework was reformulated based on identified issues and experts’ opinions. To generate validity and reliability evidence in support of the framework, it was applied to four European countries’ curricula. For each country, a team of a minimum of two national and two foreign coders worked independently to assess the curriculum using this framework for content analysis. Reliability evidence was estimated using Krippendorf’s alpha and resulted in appropriate values for coding the examined curricula. Some issues that coders faced during the analysis were discussed and, to ensure better reliability for future researchers, additional guidelines and one extra category were included in the framework. The final version of the framework includes six categories and 34 subcategories. FACE is a useful tool for the analysis and the comparison of curricula and school textbooks regarding the coverage of evolution, and such results can guide curricula development.

Evolution Education Questionnaire on Acceptance and Knowledge (EEQ) - Standardised and ready-to-use protocols to measure acceptance of evolution and knowledge about evolution in an international context

2021 | Action CA17127

Evolution Education Questionnaire on Acceptance and Knowledge (EEQ) - Standardised and ready-to-use protocols to measure acceptance of evolution and knowledge about evolution in an international context

2021 | Action CA17127
  • Authors: Anna Beniermann; Paul Kuschmierz, Rianne Pinxten, Tuomas Aivelo, Gustav Bohlin, Julia Solveig Brennecke, Umran Betul Cebesoy, Dragana Cvetković, Mirko Đorđević, Radka Marta Dvořáková, Momir Futo, Nicoleta Geamana, Konstantinos Korfiatis, Adam Lendvai, Athanasios Mogias, Silvia Paolucci, Maria Petersson, Barbara Pietrzak, Juris Porozovs, Giulia Realdon, Uroš Savković, Mircea Sofonea, Andrej Šorgo, Alexandru N. Stermin, Gregor Torkar, Anna Uitto, Lucía Vázquez Ben & Dittmar Graf
  • Publisher: Published by Zenodo on Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International on behalf of CA17217
  • https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4554742

The lack of standardised assessment of evolutionary knowledge and acceptance of evolution across Europe makes comparisons between studies difficult. The Evolution Education Questionnaire on Acceptance and Knowledge (EEQ) was constructed to measure attitudes and understanding across Europe and beyond. We aimed to compile a brief instrument to allow for easy application in school and university. The target group of the EEQ was freshman university students who had just finished their secondary education. However, several components of the questionnaire were developed and validated for additional target groups. Therefore, this questionnaire may, in addition, be suitable for students in secondary school, in-service teachers as well as the general public.

This method report describes the contents and application of the EEQ and provides information on survey conduction, data preparation, analyses and interpretation of results to serve as a standardised and ready-to-use protocol to measure the acceptance of and knowledge about evolution in a local, national or international context. To allow for sampling in different European countries, we present

the EEQ in 23 European languages.

Rethinking sustainability towards a regenerative economy

2021 | Action CA16114

Rethinking sustainability towards a regenerative economy

2021 | Action CA16114

This book is open access, which means that you have free and unlimited access.
Relevant for the UN Sustainable Development Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities.
Provides insights and examples from the pan-european restore COST Action working groups.
Presents evidence for socio-cultural benefits of Regenerative Design in built environments.

This open access book is based on work from the COST Action “RESTORE – REthinking Sustainability TOwards a Regenerative Economy”, and highlights how sustainability in buildings, facilities and urban governance is crucial for a future that is socially just, ecologically restorative, and economically viable, for Europe and the whole planet. In light of the search for fair solutions to the climate crisis, the authors outline the urgency for the built environment sector to implement adaptation and mitigation strategies, as well as a just transition. As shown in the chapters, this can be done by applying a broader framework that enriches places, people, ecology, culture, and climate, at the core of the design task – with a particular emphasis on the benefits towards health and resilient business practices.

This book is one step on the way to a paradigm shift towards restorative sustainability for new and existing buildings. The authors want to promote forward thinking and multidisciplinary knowledge, leading to solutions that celebrate the richness of design creativity. In this vision, cities of the future will enhance users’ experience, health and wellbeing inside and outside of buildings, while reconciling anthropic ecosystems and nature. A valuable resource for scientists and students in environmental sciences and architecture, as well as policy makers, practitioners and investors in urban and regional development.

Underground Built Heritage valorisation: a handbook, proceedings of the first Underground4value training school

2021 | Action Action CA18110

Underground Built Heritage valorisation: a handbook, proceedings of the first Underground4value training school

2021 | Action Action CA18110

Edited By Giuseppe Pace and Renata Salvarani

CNR edizioni, Rome

Copyright Year 2021

ISBN digital version:  978-88 8080 450 5

Why to publish a handbook focused on Underground Built Heritage valorisation? Why is important to transform tangible and intangible components of underground spaces into active values for local communities? Can researchers, professionals and decision-makers work together to devise a common perspective of innovation? These pages aim at providing a first set of answers, with backgrounds, research’s results, and elements for an operative framework. All different contributions are results from the First Training School organised in the framework of the COST Action CA18110, Underground4Value. The action aimed to put together experts, practitioners, and local officers, for experimenting shared approaches and making Underground Built Heritage sites as fulcrum of activities involving the whole society. To that scope, theoretical, and methodological chapters deal with the issues of defining instruments for management, evaluation and decision-making processes, and stimulating local communities’ engagement and empowerment. Four case studies are presented, by general overviews and reports from scientific missions. Finally, trainees’ research groups described their views and ideas for the case studies’ valorisation. The authors come from several different European, and neighbour countries, bringing various disciplinary competences and professional experiences.

COST Annual Report 2020

2021

COST Annual Report 2020

2021

With a challenging year and many initiatives taking place, this COST Annual Report 2020 highlights the positive developments that occurred as part of the Programme, as well as how  COST Actions have acted and collaborated on  COVID-19 research.

Inside are key facts and figures from the year, as well as success stories demonstrating the importance of COST for careers and scientific networks.

 

50 years of research networks

2021

50 years of research networks

2021

The European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) celebrates its 50-year anniversary.

This publication offers an extensive overview of COST in the last half century. It is a unique opportunity
to channel the voices of researchers and innovators both past and present through success stories,
testimonials and key milestones.

Understanding and combatting African Swine Fever - A European perspective

2021 | Action CA15116

Understanding and combatting African Swine Fever - A European perspective

2021 | Action CA15116
  • Editor(s): Laura Iacolina, Mary-Louise Penrith, Silvia Bellini, Erika Chenais, Ferran Jori, Maria Montoya, Karl Ståhl and Dolores Gavier-Widén
  • Publisher(s): Wageningen Academic Publishers
  • Download from external website
  • ISBN: 978-90-8686-357-0
  • e-ISBN: 978-90-8686-910-7

The recent introduction and spread of African swine fever (ASF) into Europe and Asia has shown that an integrated, multidisciplinary effort is needed to tackle this disease and the complex challenges it poses. This book presents practical guidelines on surveillance for detection of ASF virus, how to prevent outbreaks in the domestic pig sector through biosecurity and cleaning and disinfection routines, including in backyard holdings, and how to control and eradicate this disease in wild boar. Information on pathological lesions and diagnostic practices are provided to support practitioners. Virus infection mechanisms and the consequent host immune response are reported together with an overview on the status of vaccine and treatment development. Information on ASF epidemiology and the European wild boar and domestic pig populations is presented to assist breeders, wildlife managers and policy makers in designing practices aimed at preventing, or controlling and eradicating, this disease. The book provides currently available knowledge in a single place, and identifies knowledge gaps, prompting policy makers and funding bodies to support the scientific community in investigating the gaps.

Learning to deal with problematic usage of the internet

2021 | Action CA16207

Learning to deal with problematic usage of the internet

2021 | Action CA16207

Ever since its development in the early 1990’s, the Internet has become highly pervasive across most of the civilised world. While the majority of Internet users take advantage of its many positive uses (including professional and recreational ones), some individuals can develop Problematic Use of the Internet (which we will refer to as PUI). This term encompasses a wide range of repetitive disabling behaviors characterized by compulsivity and addiction. These include, but are not limited to, Internet gaming, compulsive online sexual behaviors/ cyberpornography, Internet-related buying or shopping disorder, Internet-related gambling disorder, cyberbullying, cyberchondria, and social media/network forum use, among others.

Although PUI affects a minority of individuals who routinely use the Internet, several reports have documented a series of unhealthy lifestyles and medical disturbances which are thought to represent the consequences of severe forms of PUI, especially when it comes to youth. People affected by PUI and their family members often do not know about the signs and symptoms of this condition. For example, they do not know how to recognize PUI, or whom to go to for help, and often they do not know whether this is a treatable condition and/or how to manage it. Because of this, National Health Authorities around the World are concerned about the health and societal costs that PUI may have. Some researchers are starting to consider particular forms of PUI as a serious and disabling form of behavioral addiction.

Edited by the COST Action CA16207
In collaboration with the International College of Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS) and the International Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders Research Network of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology (OCRN-ECNP)

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