Extreme UltraViolet (EUV) High-Harmonic Generation (HHG) table-top sources and soft to hard X-ray Free Electron lasers (XFELs) have opened a new era in science, providing ultrashort, coherent and tunable pulses that are currently used to perform cutting edge experiments in Atomic and Molecular physics, condensed matter physics, biology and chemistry. Most of the reported studies rely on linear light-matter interactions, which are fundamentally limited in the dynamical information they can provide. Non-linear radiation-matter interactions have proven to be a powerful tool to unravel hitherto inaccessible properties. The advent of the above sources now enable non-linear techniques in the EUV/X-ray range, akin to what occurred with IR-visible-UV non-linear optics, by accessing the properties of materials at the nanoscale level, with femtosecond time resolution, chemical selectivity, high momentum, and polarization control.
The NEXT COST Action will capitalize on pioneering promising results, reported over the last decade, to create the first concerted experimental and theoretical effort aimed at implementing EUV/X-ray non-linear spectroscopy at table-top HHG and XFEL sources. Europe has a strategic leadership role, with its large number of research groups managing world-class table-top sources and hosting 4-out-of-7 XFELs available worldwide. This Action will have a strong impact on technology supporting the development of novel materials, nanodevices, quantum computing and chemistry, as well as on the training of young scientists as the next generation of researchers that will fully exploit these novel methodologies and tools. NEXT will also act as a key research and innovation bridge between academe and industrial partners.
EUV/X-ray science - Non-linear optics - High Harmonic Generation and Free Electron Laser sources - Methods and instrumentation development -