Mapping out Europeans’ immunity genes: a step towards better tissue transplants
Despite more than 99% of human DNA being identical, our immunity genes are the ones setting us apart. Besides making us unique, such genes can indicate our ancestry, which can prove of tremendous medical help in terms of issue and organ transplants. COST Action BM0803 HLA-NET engaged in a collaborative exercise aiming to map European populations sharing similar genes that set the stage for the introduction of new standards in molecular biology and immunogenetics.
Re-excavating Europe’s drowned prehistory
Archaeological sites and traces of Europe’s landscapes formed at low sea level during the last Ice Age can survive beneath the seabed, but recovering such evidence poses formidable technical and financial challenges. Archaeologists, heritage managers, geoscientists and industry representatives are now joining forces to research and manage these submerged landscapes that tell the stories behind human evolution.
European year for active ageing and solidarity between generations
The European Union has designated 2012 as the European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations. Europe must be more age-friendly and better adapted to its ageing population. This view is reflected in the work of COST.
Enhancing Research on Early Autism
2 April 2012 marked the fifth annual World Autism Awareness Day. Every year, autism organisations around the world celebrate the day with unique events and initiatives.
Transgenic Trees – The science behind future EU policy, regulations and safety assessments
COST Action FP0905 addresses the issue of biosafety for transgenic trees on the January issue of Nature Biotechnology.
COST Save the Bees
The first research results in this area suggests that bee colony losses are not due to one single factor only, but rather to highly complex interactions of various factors (pests and pathogens; environment, e.g. nutrition use of agrochemicals; management; and reduced bee vitality/diversity). If we do not know the factors and the extent of the problem, we cannot implement effective mitigating measures.
New Life Beneath Sea and Ice
Scientists have long known that life can exist in some very extreme environments. But Earth continues to surprise us.
Healthy food and feed? An answer from COST
COST Action FA0905: Mineral-improved Crop Production for Healthy Food and Feed
Sheep or goat: can you tell the difference?
Did you know that in regard to many diseases, it has been considered for some time that goats are similar to sheep, and that results acquired from sheep were applicable to goats? For instance, for many years, the registration of anthelmintic drugs (drugs that expel parasitic worms – helminths – from the body) did not discriminate between the two hosts. Drugs that were registered for sheep could automatically be prescribed to goats.
Watch COST's interview with 2010 Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics Prof Konstantin Novoselov!
In the latest years graphene research has witnessed a tremendous explosion. This two-dimensional dream material has come into the main spotlight of fundamental and applied research in diverse nano-science fields but, surprisingly rapidly, it has also attracted the interest of major stakeholders in the private sector, such as the ICT industry.